Museums /“Perm-36” Memorial Museum of the History of Political Repression
The "Perm-36" Memorial Museum of the History of Political Repression is located on the site of a corrective labour camp (institution VS 389/36; settlement Kuchino, Perm district) that was operative here from 1946 to 1988. From 1972, this camp was used to contain “particularly dangerous state criminals”, i.e. people sentenced under the "political" clauses of the Penal Code. The Museum was established through the efforts of a group of enthusiasts from the Perm branch of the “Memorial” society, supported by the regional administration. The Musuem officially opened in 1995. This is the only complex in Russia where a camp zone itself has been memorialised. Restoration work began in 1994. At present (April 2010) up to 50% of the buildings and facilities of the former camp have been restored, refurbished and adapted for museum display. The Museum archive holds more than a thousand items: a photograph collection, a collection of audio and video recordings of interviews with former inmates, and copies of documents from the Gulag's history, from the regional and central archives. The museum's object collection holds around 700 items, mostly objects relating to the labour and everyday life of the prisoners of VS 389/36. The permanent exhibitions are set out in one of the barracks in which the prisoners were housed; the temporary exhibitions are displayed in the same place. The Museum regularly conducts themed excursions. The Museum has also created travelling exhibitions that are shown in the distant parts of Perm region, in other regions and abroad. Among them are the exhibitions "GULAG. Istoriia odnogo lageria" [“GULAG. The Story of a Camp"] (USA, 2003) and "Uroki istorii v muzee GULAGa" [“History lessons in the GULAG museum”] (Moscow, 2003). In addition, there is the travelling exhibition "GULAG. Trudovye lageria Rossii i bor'ba za svobodu" ["GULAG: Russian Labour Camps and the Struggle for Freedom”], telling the story of the Soviet camps between 1929 and 1953, the resistance to Communist ideology from the 1960s to the 1980s, the state’s struggle with dissidents, the collapse of the Communist system and modern day Russia. 
 
 
 
 
Name“Perm-36” Memorial Museum of the History of Political Repression
 
Location
 
Address618243, Permskii krai, Chusovskii raion, d. Kuchino
 
Status of museumMuseums//
 
SpecialisationMuseums//
 
Official contact details618243 Permskii krai, Chusovskoi raion, d.Kuchino 614990 Perm, ul. Popova, 11, ofis 312 Correspondence: 614000, Glavpochtamt, a/ia 125 tel./fax: (7-342) 2363066, 2363662 http://www.perm36.ru, e-mail: perm36@permonline.ru Director: Viktor Aleksandrovich Shmyrov Executive Director: Tatiana Georgievna Kursina
 
Description of museumThe Memorial Museum of the History of Political Repression is located on the site of a corrective labour camp that was operative here from 1946 to 1988. From 1972, this camp (institution VS 389/36) was one of the Skal'nye (Perm) camps used to contain “particularly dangerous state criminals”, i.e. people sentenced under the "political" clauses of the Penal Code. The Museum on the site of camp VS 389/36 was established through the efforts of a group of enthusiasts from the Perm branch of the “Memorial” society, supported by the regional administration. Restoration work began in 1994. The Musuem officially opened in 1995. This is the only complex in Russia where a camp zone itself has been memorialised. At present, up to 50% of the buildings and facilities of the former camp have been restored, refurbished and adapted for museum display. There are two camp sections in the Museum complex: the Strict Regime Section and the Special Regime Section (in the latter, "particularly dangerous recidivists" were kept in virtually prison conditions; these were political prisoners who had been sentenced a second time).

The permanent exhibitions are set out in one of the barracks in which the prisoners were housed; the temporary exhibitions are displayed in the same place. The Museum regularly conducts themed excursions, primarily for students from the middle schools and workers' collectives of the region. The Museum has also created travelling exhibitions that are shown in the distant parts of Perm region, in other regions and abroad. Among them are the exhibitions "GULAG. Istoriia odnogo lageria" [“GULAG. The Story of a Camp"] (USA, 2003) and "Uroki istorii v muzee GULAGa" [“History lessons in the GULAG museum”] (Moscow, 2003). In addition, there is the travelling exhibition "GULAG. Trudovye lageria Rossii i bor'ba za svobodu" ["GULAG: Russian Labour Camps and the Struggle for Freedom”]. It occupies a total surface area of over 350m2. It is made up of 15 exhibition modules and 8 stands. The exhibition incorporates more than 200 exhibits, which tell the story of the Soviet camps between 1929 and 1953, the resistance to Communist ideology from the 1960s to the 1980s, the state’s struggle with dissidents, the collapse of the Communist system and modern day Russia. Since 2006, this exhibition has been on display in the museums of the USA National Park Service. The Museum's archives hold more than a thousand items: a photograph collection, a collection of audio and video recordings of interviews with former inmates of camp VS 389 and with other political prisoners of the 1950s-1980s, and also with victims and witnesses of the political repressions under Stalin, and copies of documents from the Gulag's history, from the regional and central archives. The Museum's object collection holds around 700 items, mostly objects from the working and everyday life of the prisoners of VS 389/36, and similar items collected during museum expeditions to the sites of other camps. The restoration work continues. Youth volunteers come to participate during construction season every year (the Perm' youth “Memorial” and other voluntary organisations from Russia and abroad). The Memorial Museum regularly holds academic conferences and cultural and educational events, including the annual Readings in memory of V.F. Astaf'ev, publishes educational (including academic and methodological) books and pamphlets, prepares video and animation materials and works with school students from Perm and the region. SInce 2004 the Museum, in collaboration with Perm State University and Perm Regional Teacher Training Institute, has been organising a regional professional contest for teachers in the humanities, entitled "Vlast' i obshchestvo: Rossiia na puti k grazhdanskomu obshchestvu" ["The Authorities and Society: Russia on the Path to a Civil Society”]. Since 2005, the Museum has held an annual citizens' song festival, “Pilorama”.
 
Beginning (year)1994
 
PersonsAstaf'ev Viktor Petrovich
 
PersonsKursina Tat'iana Georgievna, Executive director
 
PersonsShmyrov Viktor Aleksandrovich, Director
 
Web page?Yes
 
 
Museums /“Perm-36” Memorial Museum of the History of Political Repression