Museum exhibit /Greetings card
Self-made New Year’s greetings card. 1952. “Zapolyarnyi” Camp Section of the RechLag (Vorkuta-Vom, Komi ASSR). It was made by Mariia Chaika, an artist in the "Zapolyarnyi” Camp Section Children’s Home, as a present for Elena Vladimirovna Markova (née Ivanova; born 1923), another camp inmate. In May 1944, E.V. Markova was sentenced to 15 years hard labour. From 1944-1950 she served time in VorkutLag and at the end of 1950 she was transferred to OsobLag No.6 (RechLag) to a Corrective Labour Camp regime. In 1951 she was sent to the “Zapolyarnyi” Camp Section, where she worked as a nursery school carer and then as a laboratory assistant in the children’s home. She was released in November, 1953. The cards she had received from her friends in the camp between 1948 and 1953, E.V. Markova sent in letters to her mother, V.M. Koribut-Dashkevich. After E.M. Markova returned to Moscow from Vorkuta in 1960, the cards were kept in her family’s possessions. In 2007, E.M. Markova gave 24 camp-made cards to the A. Sakharov Museum and Social Centre. (Photo: 2010). 
 
 
 
 
Authenticity
 
Creator of collectionE. M. Markova (née Ivanova)
 
Date of acquisition2007
 
Types of exhibitsMuseum exhibits
 
Date and place of creation1953, “Zapolyarnyi” Camp Section (Vorkuta-Vom), RechLag, Komi ASSR.
 
MaterialsPaper
 
MaterialsWatercolour
 
Description of exhibitA sheet of paper in greetings card format. The drawing is done vertically in water-colour. In the centre there is a golden horse-shoe, and inside that there is tear-off calendar, on the first page of which is an inscription which reads: “1953!”, written in red paint. Below the horse-shoe is a snow-covered branch of a fir-tree with a lighted candle on it. Under that there is an inscription in blue ink: "S Novym 1953 godom!" [“Happy New Year, 1953!”] The card has been trimmed ornamentally on three sides (at the top, on the right and down below).
On the back of the card there are greetings and on the right-hand side there is a text written in blue ink: "Dorogaia/Lenochka! Pozdravliaiu Vas s Novym 1953 godom! Zhelaiu chto by 1953 god byl dlia Vas schast'iem i blagopoluchiiam. Pust' vashi mechty osushchestvliat'sia. S poshanoiu do Vas" [“Dear/Lenochka/Happy New Year, 1953!/I hope that 1953 will bring you Happiness and Good Health (there is a misspelling in the Russian here). May all your dreams come true! S poshanoiu. [Sincerely – Ukrainian]]. Below that there are initials, probably “M Ch”.
 
State of preservationUndamaged.
 
Detailed annotationSelf-made New Year’s greetings card. 1952. “Zapolyarnyi” Camp Section of the RechLag (Vorkuta-Vom, Komi ASSR). It was made by Mariia Chaika, an artist in the "Zapolyarnyi” Camp Section Children’s Home, as a present for Elena Vladimirovna Markova (née Ivanova; born 1923), another camp inmate.
There is a drawing of a horse-shoe on the card (a Good Luck symbol and typical of cards designed by M. Chaika). On the back of the card there is a text in Russian, but also using some basic Ukrainian: "Dorogaia/Lenochka! Pozdravliaiu Vas s Novym 1953 godom! Zhelaiu chto by 1953 god byl dlia Vas schast'iem i blagopoluchiiam. Pust' vashi mechty osushchestvliat'sia. S poshanoiu do Vas" [“Dear/Lenochka/Happy New Year, 1953!/I hope that 1953 will bring you Happiness and Good Health. May all your dreams come true! S poshanoiu. [Sincerely – Ukrainian]].
In May 1944, E.V. Markova was sentenced to 15 years hard labour. From 1944-1950 she served time in VorkutLag, working in the coal-mines. At the end of 1950 she was transferred to OsobLag No.6 (RechLag) to a Corrective Labour Camp regime. In 1951 she was sent to the “Zapolyarnyi” Camp Section (the so-called "Mammy's Camp"), where she worked as a nursery school teacher in the children’s home and then as a laboratory assistant in the clinical laboratory. She was released on 18 November 1953.
She was released on 18.11.1953. According to the Memoirs of Ye.V. Markova, while in the Camps she met a lot of prisoners from the Western Ukraine (the so-called "zapadnianki"; Westerners) They got on well together and there were no frictions with regard to nationality (although all the Ukrainians were nationalists). E. V. Markova was especially close to Mariia Chaika, a “zapadnianka” who had served in the Ukrainian rebel army (according to verbal evidence given by E.V. Markova. Moscow, 2011. Archive of the Research and Information Centre “Memorial”, St Petersburg).
The cards she had received from her friends in the camp between 1948 and 1953, E.V. Markova sent in letters to her mother, V.M. Koribut-Dashkevich. After E.M. Markova returned to Moscow from Vorkuta in 1960, the cards were kept in her family’s possessions. In 2007, E.M. Markova gave 24 camp-made cards to the A. Sakharov Museum and Social Centre.
 
PersonsChaika Mariia, Made the greetings card and gave it as a present.
 
PersonsIvanova (nee Koribut-Dashkevich) Vatslava Mikhailovna, mentioned
 
PersonsMarkova (nee Ivanova) Elena Vladimirovna, addressee, creator of the collection
 
Web page?Yes
 
 
Museum exhibit /Greetings card