Monuments /A cross on an anonymous grave in the cemetery of Ezhma special settlement.
A cross on an anonymous grave – one of the surviving monuments in a Polish cemetery of the former Ezhma special settlement in Pinega Region, Arkhangel’sk oblast’. Those billeted in the Ezhma special settlement in March 1940 were so-called “osadniki” (Polish settlers from the Western Provinces of the Ukraine and Belorussia, often former soldiers who had received plots there after the end of the Polish-Soviet war). The special settlement regime was revoked by a Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the Amnesty for Polish citizens (12.08.1941) and during 1942 all the Polish citizens left. In the middle 1950s the settlement ceased to exist and the cemetery was abandoned. The cross was found in 1989-90 during a search mission carried out by a G.A.Danilova, a local historian from Pinega. (Photo 15.09.2008). 
 
 
 
 
NameA cross on an anonymous grave in the cemetery of Ezhma special settlement.
 
LocationArkhangel oblast'//
 
In the cemetery of the former special settlement of Ezhma, situated 300m to the North East of the settlement.
 
DateNo earlier than March 1940; no later than the end of 1942.
 
MaterialsWood
 
DescriptionAn undecorated wooden Catholic burial cross. On both ends of the horizontal cross-beam and on the upper part of the cross three semicircles have been carved out. Where the beams cross, there are fixing nails.
 
Detailed annotationA wooden cross from an anonymous grave – one of the surviving grave-markers in the Polish cemetery of the former Ezhma special settlement in the Pinega region of Archangel’sk oblast’. The cross was probably erected on the grave of a special settler – a Polish citizen deported from the Western territories of the Ukraine and Belorussia – who was living in Ezhma special settlement, where 63 Polish families (special settlers) were billeted in the years 1940-42. The name of the person buried is not known and neither is the date when the cross was put up (but no earlier than March, 1940 and no later than the end of 1942). The cemetery of the former settlement of Ezhma (abandoned after 1942) was found in 1989-90 during a search mission carried out by a G.A.Danilova, a local historian from Pinega. Danilova recorded the presence of several grave-markers, among them this cross. The photo of the cross was taken on 15.09.2008 by Magdalena Slawinska during her research at Ezhma (Research Programme of the Consulate General of the Polish Republic in St Petersburg: “Traces of Polish People in North Western Russia”).
 
Ceremoniesnone
 
Link to index of necropolis sitesPolish cemetery in the Ezhma special settlement
 
Thematic groups
 
Web page?Yes
 
 
Monuments /A cross on an anonymous grave in the cemetery of Ezhma special settlement.