Museum exhibit /G. Martynaitis. Map of the Lithuanian exile
Gintautas Martynaitis. Map of the Lithuanian exile. 1990s. The map shows the main inhabited localities in the delta of the Lena River and on the littoral of the Laptev Sea (Yakutsk ASSR) where special settlers from Lithuania lived from 1942 onwards. Gintautas Martynaitis (1935-1999) was deported to Siberia with his family in 1941 and from 1942 was in exile in Yakutiya: first on Trofimovsk Island and then in Tit-Ary, Kyusyur. He returned to Lithuania in 1959. In the 1990s he compiled a series of drawings (30 items) called “Memories of an Arctic Childhood”. There is a copy of the map in the “Exile” Memorial Exhibition put on by the Museum of the Everyday Life of the Lithuanian People (Rumshishkes, Lithuanian Republic). (Photograph 2005). 
 
 
 
 
Detailed annotationGintautas Martynaitis. Map of the Lithuanian exile. 1990s. Copy. The map shows the main inhabited localities in the delta of the Lena River and on the littoral of the Laptev Sea (the Bulunskii Region of the Yakutia ASSR), where special settlers from Lithuania lived from 1942 onwards. The deportation of Lithuanians and also of representatives of other nationalities (Jews from Lithuania, Germans, Finns from Ingermanland and several others) to Yakutia happened as the result of a Decree of the Committee of People’s Commissars and the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) dated 6th January, 1942, “On the growth of the fishing industries in the river-basins of Siberia and the Far East”. In taking this decision the authorities were clearly influenced by the need somehow to compensate for the damage done by the loss of control over the main fishing-industry regions of the country – the Baltic and the Sea of Azov, especially. In accordance with this Decree the Yakutia Fisheries Trust was given the order to allocate approximately 18,000 deportees to the areas it managed. For those who were exiled from the Baltic States, due to them posing an “increased social risk”, a harsher regime was put into practice - one of settlement of exiles. The purpose of the deportation to the Far North of Yakutia – seemingly to expand the fishing industry – was not achieved in the long run.
Gintautas Martinautis (1935-1999) was born in Mariampol. On the 14.06.1914 he was deported with his family to Siberia. The father became separated from his family and died in Reshota Camp (Krasnoyarsk Region). In 1942, Gintautas and his mother and brother were sent to Trofimovsk Island (Yakutia ASSR). He was subsequently in Tit-Ary, Kyusyur and from 1953 onwards was in Yakutsk where he was a student in a technical college. He returned to Lithuania in 1959. In the 1990s he compiled a cycle of drawings – “Memories of an Arctic Childhood” (30 items). The "Map of the Lithuanian Exile is part of it. A copy of the map is on show in the ”Exile” memorial exhibition in the Museum of the Everyday Life of the Lithuanian People” (Rumshishkes, Lithuanian Republic). The originals are kept in the Lithuanian National Museum (Vilnius).
 
PersonsMartynaitis Gintautas, author
 
Web page?Yes
 
 
Museum exhibit /G. Martynaitis. Map of the Lithuanian exile